Instead the responsibility will lie with the athlete’s respective sporting federations.
The decision means despite a damning report released last week, with allegations of doping cover-ups, some Russian athletes will be allowed to compete at the Rio Games.
The historic announcement essentially means Russia’s athletes will be accepted by the IOC to compete in Rio if they can meet strict anti-doping criteria, have no doping history and are given the green light by their own governing body.
The sports body has recommended federations carry out an individual analysis of each athlete's anti-doping record, taking into account only reliable adequate international tests, in order to ensure a level playing field.
The IOC also made clear that Russian runner and whistleblower Yulia Stepanova will not be able to compete in Rio given her previous doping sentence.
Stepanova had previously hoped to compete in the games under a neutral flag.